National Security and Worship

National Security and Worship

“The Top Gun National Crises Troubleshooter”, Retired

https://gadflyblog.com/tag/worship

4/28/2018

 

The purpose of this letter is to keep you in the loop of discussions concerning National Security and Worship.  I am presently in discussions with two groups: The Task Force at a local community church and a young pastor (with a college age son) connected with the Southern Baptist Convention.  In regard to justification for “Worship”, both these groups brought forward I Timothy (Paul passing the Gospel Baton to the much younger Timothy) as justification for “Worship”.

As a National Crises Troubleshooter for the past 55 years (with a short break for college where I graduated at the top of my class and received an offer to come to Livermore at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory where I earned the reputation as “The Top Gun National Crises Troubleshooter”), my interests, of course, include national security.  I learned about national security of the Israelite nation while teaching fourth grade Sunday school at TC.  It appears the Israelites had a slight problem understanding the guidelines that were given to them that would have made their new nation successful.  It also appears the Apostles had a slight problem with understanding the instructions that the messenger (the Representative of the Creator of the Universe, or “RoCoU”) they called Jesus gave to them on His exit from this planet Earth.

The Time Line:

  • The Israelites took the Ten Guidelines for a successful nation as literal commands.
  • The Israelites actually made a religion around these Ten Guidelines they took as Ten Commandments.
  • The Israelites were overrun by their neighbors the Babylonians and their elites forced into exile.
  • While in exile, the Israelite elites recorded the first five books of the Old Testament, which included their Ten Commandments.
  • The Israelites were allowed to return to their destroyed homeland and rebuild.
  • The Israelites were conquered by the Romans.
  • The RoCoU came to Earth as a seed in a virgin called Mary.
  • He grew up in this Israelite community now controlled by the Romans.
  • On obtaining the age of about thirty, He took on his assignment to form a task force that would take his teachings throughout the world.
  • After about three years of teaching and forming this task force, He put into action the path to return back to his home somewhere in the universe.
  • To travel through empty space, His body had to change from matter into energy.  This new body form would enable Him to leave this planet and make His way back home. He had to die and resurrect from the dead to change into this new body form of energy. [i]
  • After His resurrection from the dead and before leaving this planet, He instructed his followers to: “Go then, preach the good news about the kingdom.  Do not lay down any rule beyond what I determined for you, nor promulgate law like the lawgivers or else you might be dominated by it.[ii]
  • What this RoCoU, who they called Jesus, taught his followers during his time on Earth would now be called a paradigm shift.  A new paradigm is not dependent on the old or existing paradigm but is entirely a new way of interpreting the exiting data. [iii]
  • The followers of the RoCoU – the Apostles including Paul (Saul) – could not separate this new paradigm from the old or existing paradigm and what they brought to the world was a hybrid of the old and new paradigm.  In other words, they put their own perspective (spin) on the teachings of the RoCoU.
  • The four books that are now available that present the teachings of the RoCoU without adding their own perspective (spin) to the evidence are: Mark, Luke I & II (also known as Acts), the Gospel of Thomas (thought possibly to be one of the “Q” sources, which was a hypothetical first century list of Jesus’s sayings referenced by both Mathew and Luke, (with a wide range of possible dates from the mid-first century to the fourth century), the Gospel of Mary (attributed to the teachings of Mary Magdalene, but probably written in the second century by non-Jews (Gentiles)). [iv]
  • Athanasius, The Archbishop of Alexandria, who sent out an Easter letter all over Egypt in the spring of 367, ordering believers to reject what be called ‘illegitimate and secret books’…. also included a list of twenty-seven books of which he approved, calling them the ‘springs of salvation’.  Strikingly, the twenty-seven books he names in this letter are precisely those that came to constitute the collection we call the ‘New Testament’ for which this letter provides our earliest known list.“
  • “But apparently some monks defied the archbishop’s order to reject all the rest; instead, they saved and protected over fifty texts from their library by sealing them in a heavy jar and burying them away from the monastery walls, under the cliff where they were found sixteen hundred years later[v] (1945).  Is this then a time capsule?
  • The books of I & II Timothy were evidently written by Paul while he was in chains in Rome. The aged Paul is passing the proverbial torch of the Gospel to the much younger Timothy, who Paul was quite familiar with through Timothy’s mother and grandmother.  Paul, in his first letter to Timothy in chapter 2 of the NIV Bible, is telling Timothy how he wants the women of the church to dress, wear their hair and accessories appropriate for “women to perform good deeds, appropriate for women who profess to worship God.”
  • Considering our National Security is at risk I don’t think the mention of “worship” in I Timothy can justify not following the second of the Ten Guidelines: a successful nation should not be overrun by its enemies!
  • In general, Paul’s theology is that Christians sacrificing their bodies to God as workman for God. This is Paul’s new definition of “worship.”
  • Does this new definition of “worship” exempt us from the benefits provided by the second of the Ten Guidelines for a successful nation?  Or does this new definition result in a nation operating at such a low operating efficiency that their national debt becomes unpayable with their GDP?  As our second president John Adams stated, “There are two ways to conquer a nation: war and debt.”
  •  My personal experience is that people who place their life’s priority on worship cause much of the turmoil in the world.  It seems we cannot all agree on who or how we are worshiping and this results in discourse, both nationally and personally.  It looks as though worship creates “sacred cows” that must be protected to the death.
  • My high school girlfriend did not receive any of my letters when I came out west. She was brought up Catholic and I was brought up Lutheran, so those were justifiable reasons for someone who has a priority in protecting their “sacred cow” to intercept my letters.  When I got her on the phone, planning to attend a 35-year class reunion, the first thing I heard was, “You have a lot of explaining to do!”  She had been searching for me for thirty-five years!
  • When my wife of Catholic upbringing reacted to my joining a Baptist Church (a heretic church as she had been taught), she felt a great need to rescue the children from the heretics and filed and proceeded through with a divorce!
  • My daughter, who was twelve at the conclusion of these divorce proceedings, was in the full custody of her mother and no visitation rights to her father.  My daughter never received any of the half dozen expensive music boxes that I brought to her home with her mother for her birthday and Christmas gifts.  Was her mother protecting her children from the heretics?  What kind of worship do these actions represent?  Is the church of your youth a “sacred cow?”
  • Worship does not create cohesion of those who call themselves Christian, but worship causes discourse not only among Christians, but of non-Christians.
  • I have accounts of two Protestant churches that I’ve been involved with during the past thirty-eight years that illustrate the same point as the two above, and that is that worship creates “sacred cows” that must be defended at all cost even to the detriment of church members in good standing.
  • The Protestant churches have a major inertia problem preventing them from moving forward with new enlightenment.  That problem is professional Christians.  Professional Christians must “preach to the choir.”  That is they have to teach the children and adults of the church the same doctrine as their parents and themselves were taught or these church members will vote with their feet and leave that church for another church, taking their church contributions with them.  This leaves the professional Christians without an income.  Paul, as a tent maker, had the right idea. Paul being supported by the members of his churches was a good idea in theory, but not practical in execution.
  • Then there are those who worship God with a different name or in a different tradition than any of the Christian sects.  Some of these extremists are threating our own national security today!
  • Claiming that we can redefine worship to give a different purpose to our lives, as Paul intended, is well and good in theory but, in practice, the same results are obtained as if these were the worship of idols as stated in the second of the Ten Guidelines for a successful nations!
  • Worship is not mentioned or even given and honorable mention in John chapters 14 & 16.  The focus on the departure from this planet Earth is on the RoCoU sending us a personal advocate, counselor, Holy Spirit, etc. to guide us through this life on Earth.

Summary

 

In regard to national security, nothing that man has thought up could surpass this gift of a personal guide through life. There is no possibility that a “sacred cow” could be made of this gift and therefore not a threat to our national security or discourse within our nation among our citizens.

 

Conclusion

In a nutshell, the Ten Guidelines, Ten Codes of Conduct, or, as the religious demand, Ten Commandments recorded in Exodus chapter twenty were given to a new-forming nation that was given land to build their nation.  These Ten Guidelines, when followed, would give this new nation a high economic operating efficiency.   Their national debt would not be skyrocketing out of control, exceeding their capacity to even make payments on the interest to the loans from other countries.  They would be a stronger nation than their competitors’ nations and would not be overrun by their neighbors.  These Ten Guidelines are all about national security and influence to the world.

Q.E.D.

[i] Albert Einstein, “Theory of Relativity”, E=MC2; Energy and Matter are interchangeable

[ii] The Gospel of Mary, “THE NAG HAMMADI SCRIPTURES”, “THE REVISED AND UPDATED TRANSLATION OF SACRED GNOSTIC TEXTS,”, The International Edition, Edited by Marvin Meyer, 2007, P 742

[iii] Thomas Samuel Kuhn ; July 18, 1922 – June 17, 1996),https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paradigm

[iv] Ibid iI, pp133-138, p 739,

[v] Ibid iI, pp6-7

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Ten Commandments or Ten Guidelines

Ten Commandments or Ten Guidelines Ver. 1.0.1

“The Top Gun National Crises Troubleshooter”, Retired

https://gadflyblog.com/tag/ten-guidelines/

3/21/2018

Introduction

I have been researching the history of the Israelite Nation and New Testament writings.  As a National Crises Troubleshooter of some forty years, I have found it necessary to identify the problem correctly before attempting to solve a problem. In my research I came across a paper published by Diana Baumrind of Cal Berkeley (http://persweb.wabash.edu/facstaff/hortonr/articles%20for%20class/baumrind.pdf, EBSCO Pub. 2003, PP 890-91/). In this paper, the researchers observed two different styles of parents: authoritarian and authoritative parents.  In short, authoritarian parents issue commands to their children and authoritative parents act as guides to their children. I applied this information to Exodus chapter 20.  I found an authoritative parent.

 

Authoritarian vs Authoritative Perspectives

 

This Israelite nation had been given land to build a new nation. They were, according to my NIV Bible, given the Ten Commandments to follow, supposedly to make them a strong nation, economically efficient and stronger than competing nations.  An authoritative parent would have given Ten Guidelines to follow, and if they followed these Ten Guidelines, they would become a successful nation.  There is a big difference between commands and guidelines – it is a sense of one’s perspective.

 

Commands Vs Guidelines

 

Commands leave no room for the intellect of man; commands are to be followed verbatim.  A guideline leaves room for the intellect of man and makes them responsible for their own success.   Applying this metric to Exodus 20:4-6 gives us a different perspective. “You shall not make for yourself an idol in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below.  You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sin of the fathers to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me, but showing love to thousands who love me and keep my commandments.”

 


 

The Investigative Process

 

The historians and archeologists have investigated the history of these Israelites.  Historians place the writing of the first five books of the Bible during the time they were exiled in Babylon. Thinking that their nation had come to an end, they were motivated to record their history.  The first responsibility of an unbiased investigator is to “separate the facts from opinion.”  Applying this time-tested investigative protocol, that has been used since the seventieth century, to Exodus 20:4-6 results in some extra add-on supplemental information. A command is just that – a command. It does not include an explanation of the command or any supplemental information – it is just a command. That given, Exodus 20:6 is out for sure, and Exodus 20:5 is questionable as it gives superfluous information and authority.  The word “worship” in Exodus 20:5 does look to have some relevance to the Christian society of the twenty-first century.

 

Worship Centers in the USA and International

 

Did the Christian Church not get the message of Exodus 20:4(5)?  This writer has noticed that children who became adults and were raised by authoritarian parents tend to see things from an authoritarian point of view, which is that instructions are commands. Children who became adults and were raised by authoritative parents tend to see instructions as guidelines.  If these Ten Guidelines were meant to develop a strong nation, economically with a high national operating efficiency, then why do we have so many centers for worship in this nation?  Does not worship cause division rather than cohesion?

 

The Path to World Peace

The Path to World Peace ver. 1.2.6

A Case of Mistaken Identity

The Top Gun National Crises Troubleshooter, Retired

https://gadflyblog.com/tag/world-peace/

1/10/2018

Introduction

The path to world peace is much simpler than anyone has imagined. Peace on Earth could come down to one word: “worship” and a case of mistaken identity.

World peace has not been known since the Homo sapiens evolved on the planet and started their expansion across the globe.  Some other homos also evolved – such as the Homo Neanderthal – but the Homo sapiens (wise Homo) dominated the planet Earth.  Conflict often resulted from competition for natural resources or over territorial boundaries.  With the advent of ice ages and low sea levels, the Homo sapiens populated the globe.  Due to different climates, these Homo sapiens evolved to match their environment.  As populations grew and resources became scarce, wars of expansion dominated the globe for centuries.

There is a place in the Mediterranean known as the Fertile Crescent, where agriculture replaced the hunters and gathers and permanent communities and cities began to appear as the ice age receded.  As part of the evolution of man, worship was a key element in almost all of the societies on the planet.  Worship took on different forms, from sun worshipers to human sacrifices to the gods.

The Old Paradigm [i]

According to the history recorded in the Old Testament of the Bible, there was a transition to worshiping one God, the Creator of the Universe (CoU).  This one God guided his chosen group of Homo sapiens to a new way of life, hopefully as an example for others to follow.  This group of Homo sapiens was led though many successes and failures and established themselves as dominant in a new land in the Fertile Crescent.   The CoU gave them ten guidelines to follow that would make them successful in their possession of this new land.  These guidelines, if followed, would produce an economically efficient nation that would prove them superior to those who would dispossess them of this new land.  This new nation then made a new religion of these ten guidelines and they became an economically inefficient nation and were overrun by the neighboring nations.

The Arrival of the Messenger

The Romans made a significant advancement to civilization by constructing roads, which connected the communities they had conquered.   The three factors of agriculture, roads and a society that worshiped one God, the CoU, provided the only place on the planet that the representative of the creator of the universe (RoCoU), a.k.a. Jesus, could visit and have His message spread across the globe. [ii]

The New Paradigm

The old paradigm [iii] consisted of the ten guidelines, along with many man made laws to follow that became stricter as a fix for failures. As time progressed, more laws were made to bring their society into compliance with worshiping their one God.

The RoCoU brought in a new paradigm for the relationship with the CoU.  The major element of this new paradigm is the “Personal Counselor,” a.k.a. The Holy Spirit that He sent to us, after he had returned to his place in the universe, to guide us through life and teach us everything we needed to know.

The Derailment of the New Paradigm

Ironically, this society had evolved and formed a society that worshiped this one God, the CoU. When the RoCoU arrived with His message, He was crucified, then resurrected from the dead, and ascended into heaven (the universe), and then they also began worshiping this RoCoU. They totally missed the second guideline, given in Exodus 20:4 in the Old Testament Bible, as they had made idols of the CoU and the RoCoU.   “You shall not make for yourself an idol in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below, You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sin of the fathers to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me, but showing love to thousands who love me and keep my Commandments (guidelines).” (NIV)  The big problem with idols is that they become “sacred cows” and must be defended to the death of those worshiping these idols.

The followers (Apostles, Disciples) of this RoCoU, chosen to carry His message to the population of the Earth, were chosen due to their lack of expertise in the old paradigm, and thus were trainable without the need to deprogram their religious expertise (see accounts of Nicodemus’ conversation with the RoCoU in the New Testament Bible, John 3:1-13).  However, the twelve Apostles (Disciples), could not break away from the Old Paradigm to the exclusivity of the New Paradigm, but instead presented the RoCoU as a progression of the Old Paradigm, a case of mistaken identity.

Through the writing of the Gospel and commentaries in the New Testament of the Bible, most of the writers put their own perspective (spin) on the events of the time or used the events and evidence as an argument that the RoCoU was a completion of the promised savior that had been predicted in the Old Paradigm (Prophets can predict that a messenger will come, but they cannot predict the message of the messenger).   The results of this spin on the events and evidence of the time have been passed down through history are a hybrid of the Old Paradigm and the New Paradigm, in effect “a watered-down New Paradigm.” Only the writings of Mark, who wrote as an historian, and Luke, who wrote as a commissioned journalist, are free of the writer’s perspective. Mark evidently wrote hastily in anticipation of being caught up in the turmoil of the persecution of Christians in Rome.  Mark observed some of the protocols of journalism in recording in his journals, as in he answered who, what, and where of the events, but did not include the “why,” which was the spin that other writers put on the events and evidence.  Mark included the good, the bad, and the ugly, which is evidence of his unbiasedness.

The Nag Hammadi Scriptures

The Nag Hammadi Scriptures were found in 1945 outside the Egyptian community of Nag Hammadi not far from a monastery, buried as a time capsule, below the nearby cliffs. These Scriptures (inspired, revered spiritual writings) were discovered by Muhammad Ali, a gather of bird fertilizer beneath the cliffs.  In the time period of the late third century, huge changes occurred in the Christian community. “Irenaeus of Lyon, who wrote around 160 CE, had discussed –and denounced—passages from the Secret Book of John, discovered complete at Nag Hammadi” “Athanasius, the archbishop of Alexandria, who sent out an Easter letter all over Egypt in the spring of 367, ordering believers to reject what he called “illegitimate and secret books.” He included a list of twenty-seven books of which he approved, calling them the ‘springs of salvation.’“ [iv] These are the same twenty-seven books that constitute the New Testament Bible! Scholars think that possibly “The Gospel of Thomas” and the “Gospel of Mary” are the most important and earliest records of the teachings of Jesus, possibly from the middle of the first and the second centuries.[v]  “The Gospel of Thomas” is a list of sayings of Jesus. “The Gospel of Mary (not contained in the Nag Hammadi codices) was probably ascribed to Mary Mandala; it does not seem possible a Jewish author for this gospel.  The ascription may point instead to an early Christian group that appealed to her for apostolic authority, much as other communities in the second century were appealing to Paul, Peter, Thomas, or other apostles to authorize their teaching.” [vi]

At the end of the third century, the libraries of Alexandria and Antioch were destroyed by fire.  Books not on the list put out by Athanasius were disappearing.  The monks at the monastery near the cliffs outside Nag Hammadi could very well be the ones who put these codices in a sealed vase and buried them below the cliffs outside of Nag Hammadi.

The Gospel writers Luke and Matthew apparently referenced document(s) that are referred to as “Q.”  “The Gospel of Thomas” could very well be this document “Q,” or one of the documents in “Q.” They also could have referenced the wittings of Mark. In any case, the Council of Trent canonized the twenty-seven books identified by Athanasius, the archbishop of Alexandria in the mid 1500 CE.

The End Times

The end times were predicted not only by the RoCoU, but by the Apostle John in the book of Revelation.  The RoCoU described the end times as coming like a bolt of lightning. [vii]  John described the end times as a conquering of the Earth with the truth and a new Earth would be born. [viii]

Cosmologists describe the end times as the sun exhausting its supply of hydrogen that is consumed by its nuclear fusion reaction.  This reaction provides an equilibrium force against the force of gravity.  One of two actions follow this burnout: 1) the sun will collapse under the force of gravity into what is known as a black hole; 2) as the sun is collapsing it will rebound into a supernova.  The forces from this supernova will be so violent, that the helium and other metals and compounds will be dissociated into their elements (helium back to hydrogen, etc.), providing the elements that will be attracted by gravity and form new suns and new planets.  The creation process will begin anew and the universe will continue to expand. [ix]

What will become of planet Earth is up to speculation.  One possibility is that Jupiter, a large gas planet of mostly hydrogen, will attract these new free hydrogen molecules through the force of gravity and a nuclear fusion reaction will be ignited, turning Jupiter into a new sun.  This idea is totally speculative, and open to anyone’s imagination.

The Apostle John, in his book of Revelation, thinks a new Earth will be born and a New Jerusalem with all of the latest in trimmings, will descend from the heavens and life on this new Earth, for those who were judged according to what they had done and whose names are in the Book of Life, will have no more death or mourning or crying or pain. [x]

The book of Revelation is best understood when understanding that symbolism was used to convey more information than could be conveyed by words. [xi]  Viewing this New Jerusalem as a symbol for the New Earth, could give us a view of the New Earth.

Conclusion

  • To repeat: the major focus of the new Paradigm is the “Personal Counselor”, a.k.a. The Holy Spirit that was sent to us by the RoCoU to guide us through life and teach us everything we need to know. [xii] This is the New Paradigm shift and is exclusive of the Old Paradigm, and not a progression of the Old Paradigm. Thus, the path to world peace is this simple: just listen for this counselor and He will find you, guide you and teach you. 
  • Do not make yourself an idol and worship your idol: not God, Jesus, Allah, Mohamed, Buddha, Confucius; the cross, the Star of David, the Bible, the New Testament, the Quran, or any written works. Anything that will take control of your decision-making, such as alcohol, tobacco, drugs of all kinds, etc. become idols, and addictions become sacred cows and sacred cows need to be defended at all costs until death! Therefore, The Path to World Peace is to eliminate all worship for it is worship that creates sacred cows and causes differences that must be defended. Worship is an artifact of ancient man.  Stay in control of your life by listening to the Personal Counselor that the RoCoU sent to you.

Q.E.D.

Generally speaking, the errors in religion are dangerous; those in philosophy only ridiculous.” David Hume (7 May 1711 – 25 August 1776) was a Scottish philosopher, historian, economist, and essayist, known especially for his philosophical empiricism and skepticism. He is regarded as one of the most important figures in the history of Western philosophy and the Scottish Enlightenment.

A Caveat

Most all of the animal life on earth is in a predator-prey relationship, e.g. everything in the jungle is food for everything in the jungle.  Predator-prey relationships keep the population of both within the available food supply.  The Homo sapiens do not have a natural predator to regulate their population within the boundaries of their food supply. There is or were pandemics that reduced the population of Homo sapiens in great numbers, but we have conquered most of these population regulating devices. Given that populations will increase to the limit of the supply of resources, to maintain the balance of supply and demand of resources, more antibiotic resistant viruses will be present in the future causing pandemics. Combined with wars to reduce the populations of the world, it is probable these two events will continue.

Q.E.D.

 

[i] “A paradigm shift (also radical theory change) a concept identified by the American physicist and philosopher Thomas Kuhn (1922–1996), is a fundamental change in the basic concepts and experimental practices of a scientific discipline. Kuhn contrasted these shifts, which characterize a scientific revolution, to the activity of normal science, which he described as scientific work done within a prevailing framework (or paradigm). In this context, the word “paradigm” is used in its original Greek meaning, as ‘example’.”

 

A Paradigm in the Social Sense:

“In Kuhn’s view, the existence of a single reigning paradigm is characteristic of the natural sciences, while philosophy and much of social science were characterized by a “tradition of claims, counterclaims, and debates over fundamentals.” Others have applied Kuhn’s concept of paradigm shift to the social sciences” (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paradigm_shift/)

 

[ii] The Explorers Task Force, Cedar Grove Community Church, Livermore, California, 2017

[iii] Ibid i

[iv] Marvin Meyer, editor, “The Nag Hammadi Scriptures”, Pub. HarperOne,  2007

[v] ibid

[vi] Karen L. King, “The Nag Hammadi Scriptures”, Pub. HarperOne,  2007,  p739

[vii] The Bible, Luke 17:24

[viii] The Bible, book of Revelation

[ix] Stephen Hawking, “A Brief History of Time”, Pub, Bantam Books, 1996

[x] The Bible, Revelation 20:12-15

[xi] Explores Task Force, Cedar Grove Community Church, Livermore, California, 2017

[xii] The New Testament Bible NIV, John 14:16-26, 16:12-15

 

Addendum

In the Gospel of Mary, the Savior (RoCoU) taught, in the end time, that matter would return to its origin.  Albert Einstein’s Theory of Relativity is supportive of this process.  Energy (E) and matter (M) are related to the speed of light (C) in E=MC2.  Energy and matter are interchangeable; energy becomes matter and matter becomes energy.  As a particle of matter is accelerated close to the speed of light, the particle increases in mass and losses energy thus the particle slows down.  Light from the sun is corpuscular and travels as a wave. When the sun’s rays impinge on matter on Earth, the corpuscular matter is converted into energy, giving life to everything on Earth in one form or another.

The RoCoU

The RoCoU came to Earth, seen as just a speck of dust on the viewer’s screen from the camera on a Space Probe as it was leaving our Solar System, as a seed implanted into a virgin named Mary.  He grew up in this special group of Homo sapiens who recognized one God and became a teacher.  He selected a small group of members of this society (Apostles) and taught them how to live life on this planet Earth and how to communicate with the CoU to get all their material needs met.  He asked these Apostles to carry His message to the rest of the world.  His mission accomplished, he must now return to His home in the universe.  Therefore, He must change His form into a form compatible with travel through the universe, as He cannot do this in human form, He must die and resurrect in a new form capable to travel faster than the speed of light to His home in the universe.

For many years after the airplane was invented and outfitted with jet engines and rockets the popular thought was that the sound barrier could not be broken.  An airplane or rocket could not travel faster than the speed of sound.  On October 14, 1947, Charles Edward (Chuck) Yeager, a test pilot for the U.S. Air Force, broke the sound barrier (Mach 1) in a Bell X-1, a rocket powered aircraft.  Could the same thing be true of the speed of light?  Can the barrier of the speed of light be broken by material converting to energy?  This is certainly food for thought for future generations.

 

The Bullies

The Bullies ver. 2.0.2

The Top Gun National Crises Troubleshooter, Retired

https://gadflyblog.com/tag/bullies

12/17/2017

Introduction

Bullies come in different shapes and sizes and from different families of origin, with and without siblings.   There are three basic types of bullies: physical bullies, verbal bullies and in-your-face bullies.  There are several well-known tactics to deal with these bullies.  These bullies think that their behavior is normal, as many have no doubt learned to be a bully by the time they were six years old. [i]

Physical Bullies

Physical bullies are those children or young adults you meet on the way to school.  This was prevalent at least during the days when we allowed our children to walk to school – a rare occasion in today’s world – as some of these physical bullies were allowed to grow up without correction or, in other circumstances, in unsupervised areas or even from supervision itself!  The standard format to take care of these young bullies was to show them that you would not be bullied.

Case Study I

This writer was serving our country in support of LBJ’s War in Vietnam, and was living in a barracks known as “chicken coops,” as the barracks were screened in from top to bottom, with a wall in between.  They remained this way all year round.  Between two chicken coops was the latrine with showers.  One evening I was walking from the latrine dressed only in my shorts and wearing thongs.  Two young men approached me at the entrance.  One of them said to the other, “Watch this for how to start a fight.”  I was standing as in parade rest with my hands free.  I have seen this approach before in a scene from the film, “Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid,” where Butch Cassidy, played by Paul Newman, approached one of his underlings who was challenging his authority.  Butch let him have it with a kick to his manhood.  As this young man came at me intending to do the same, unaware of my fast reflexes, I sidestepped his kick and got my right arm under his right arm, thrust it upwards and came down with an elbow to his kidney zone.  He ended up sprawled out next to the water cooler. I kicked off my thongs and took up the karate ready-to-fight position. His buddy said something to him to call him off and he said, “We’re done.”  I put my thongs back on and returned to my bunk never to see this young man again.

 Case Study II   

My son reported that a physical bully was making it difficult for him to get to his grade school, which was no more than a walk of four blocks. At this time, I had physical custody of my son and also had two roommates who were brothers. Both of these brothers held black belts in karate.  I asked one of these brothers to teach my son enough karate to take care of this bully that was making it difficult for him to walk to school.  After several sessions with this black belt karate instructor, my son made his karate knowledge known to this physical bully.  He never had a problem walking to school after this one exhibition.

Case Study III

In high school a lastborn in his family (another birth-order to find bullies) would see me coming down the hallway carrying a stack of books in front of me.  He took advantage of this situation and slapped the books out of my hands to the floor!  On another occasion when we were taking an unsupervised exam, I passed in front of him with my paper in my hand.  He again slapped my paper to the floor.  I reached down with my left hand and picked up the paper.  With my right hand I backhanded him and knocked him to the floor.  He got up and attacked me with both his fists flying.  Having performed research into boxing myself, I deflected all of his attempts to land a punch until we hear the supervising teacher returning. Later when I was in the gym putting on my basketball shoes, he approached me and apologized for his behavior.

Although the Representative of the Creator, a.k.a. Jesus, taught us to turn the other cheek when hit, he was encompassed in an authoritarian society and to return a punch would certainly result in death.  In this situation it is better to turn the other cheek and show them that you can take their bullying.

Verbal Bullies

There are four categories of verbal bullies. The first category includes those that grow up with a same-sex sibling within a couple of years of their age.  If they grew up bullying this younger sibling, then that personality trait would likely have become dominate by the time they were six years old. [ii]  If they had grown up with more knowledgeable parents, (authoritative rather than authoritarian)[iii]  they may have grown up looking after their younger sibling. But in any case, they certainly would have been more assertive than their younger sibling. In the workforce these will be the “take charge” people and they will want the work done “their way.”   The second category includes those that grow up being mostly exposed to older adults such as the only child or a distant lastborn child.  There are two categories of only children: the pure only child and the functional only child. Functional only children grew up as only children for various reasons (e.g. separation of family of origin, death of a sibling, more than six years between them and the next same sex sibling).[iv] Several of our U.S. presidents fall into the category of functional only children (Andrew Jackson, Abraham Lincoln, Herbert Hoover, Theodore Roosevelt, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Gerald R. Ford, Bill Clinton, George W. Bush and Barack Obama). [v] Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin, the Russian president, is an example of a true only child. Even the little prince or princess that gets treated as special can develop this “only child syndrome.” For example, Joseph in the Old Testament was treated as special and even given a special coat to wear; he was sold off as a slave by his siblings but ended up the second in command in Egypt.  3) The third category includes those that demonstrate verbal attacking rants (VARs) often right in your face.  The origin of this behavior is varied; sometimes it is an inherited trait or it could be the result of a medical surgery procedure.  4) The fourth category is the highly educated bully (I know more than you bully).  These are probably the most difficult bullies to deal with as they are probably also either a firstborn or only child or a younger sibling following their role model older sibling.

The older sibling, with a near younger same-sex sibling, that turned out to be a bully will have a communication style of “I win, you lose.”  The only child often possesses a communication style of “in your face” or “I want this” or I want that.” The “I” word will come up often, as in “look what I have accomplished,”  “Look what I did,” etc.  A functional only child may even be made to feel more important if they experienced the death of a sibling that was close in age to them, as they may now have been treated as extra special by their parents and were given anything they wanted and more. A characterization of the only child syndrome by my late sister with an only child son-in-law was, “They are good people, and they just need to be mellowed a bit.” This was also characterized by my niece as, “It’s my way or the highway.” According to Dr. Kevin Leman, “They know they are right, even when they are not.” [vi] And in Dr. Leman’s “The Birth Order Book,” he writes, “Show me a young person that prefers to be around older people than people their own age, and I will show you an only child.”[vii]

Case Study IV

A few decades ago, I was being introduced to my new research partner; she was being introduced to me by the lead program manager in my laboratory.  She was going to design the experiments and I was going to perform the experiments. The first words from her were, “I want this over there and I want that over here.”  She gave these orders in such a strong manner that she blew me off my chair!  I picked myself up and stated, “I don’t want that over there and I don’t want this over here. I want that over there and I want this over here!”  She looked at the program manager with an open mouth.  The program manager stated, “See, he can do that too.”

This was not an unusual confrontation at this national employer, as there was a filter on the front door that only allowed “The Best of the Best” to enter though these doors.  With that type of filter on the front door in an academically-minded institution, the ones who meet these qualities will most likely be the firstborn in their family of origin or an only child, as these are the typical academic achievers. [viii]  Therefore, this institution had continuous contracts with professional communication instructors, and when it was needed, we got sent to rehabilitation to produce teamwork communication, a.k.a., assertive win-win communication skills.

This young lady, who graduated at the top of her class at MIT and was the only child of two PhD’s, certainly met the requirements to be the best of the best to enter through the front door.  I myself had been pulled aside by my manager of the time and told to “lighten up.” I received my invitation to attend these special teamwork communication classes. I, too, had graduated at the top of my college graduating class and both of my parents were college graduates and my father was a doctor of veterinary medicine. For my generation, I represented less than three percent of the US population in the families of origin.

Although I was the youngest of eight and my father was fifty-one years old and my mother thirty-nine years old when I was born, I still qualified as a functional only child. Like many first generation middle class parents, they had more children than they could send to college.  When I was still on my tricycle, three of my sisters came home from out-of-state college to hear that their college funding was being terminated and that it was more important for males to go to college than females, who in those days’ women went to college to marry a college man.  In my last semester in high school, my father died and it was determined by my five sisters that I was too stupid to go to college.

Good things often result from not-so-good circumstances.  I ended up in the U.S. Air Force in LBJ’s War in South Vietnam.  My sergeant recognized that I had natural troubleshooting abilities as a jet engine mechanic on the flight line, which was something I would never have recognized myself.  After my tour of active duty ended, I enrolled in a technical college. My Physical Metallurgy professor employed me to help him with a research project one summer.  I brought his project to a successful conclusion; He thought I was the most advanced student to ever come through that college.  When brought on staff at this national research institution, I brought several programs that were in trouble across the finish line successfully. When this young lady from MIT and I joined a special task force to troubleshoot a major issue for the Department of Defense, where she was made taskforce leader, and I was the troubleshooter, we worked well as a team. When I got my insight to the cause of the problem and put this insight up to the program leader, another experimental group verified the information and the task-force was disbanded.  When this young lady from MIT and now Stanford with a Master’s degree left this institution to do more domestic projects, she identified me as the “nation’s secret weapon,” and I accepted this status as “The Top Gun National Crises Troubleshooter.

The Importance of having Professional Communicators on Contract

This case study is presented to show how valuable professional interpersonal communication instructors are to an organization.  This writer has noticed that some interpersonal communication seminars in churches tend to lean on theology or philosophy to teach interpersonal communications.  Some colleges teach communications classes as a class in human resources, where the focus is on “The Myers–Briggs Type Indicator,” (MBTI) where one can find out their strengths to succeed in a profession and what personalities make up an effective team. In fact, MBTI was first formulated to place women in the workforce effectively during World War II. It now finds wide use in many areas.  Dr. Kevin Leman is internationally known as the guru of Adlerian Psychology that focuses on birth order in the family of origin and the skill packages that are developed from this learned environmental knowledge.   Instructors like Manuel J. Smith, Ph.D. promote hands-on techniques to be used during a conversation. He states, “It is not how you became what you are that’s important, but what works.”  His techniques of what works with bullies and manipulators include: “Broken Record,” “Fogging,” “Free Information,” “Negative Assertion,” “Negative Inquiry,” “Self-Disclosure,” and “Workable Compromise.”[ix]

Interpersonal Communication Techniques Explained [x]

Broken Record: A skill, by calm repetition – saying what you want over and over again – teaches persistence without you having to rehearse arguments or angry feelings beforehand, in order to be ‘up’ for dealing with others.

Effect: Allows you to feel comfortable in ignoring manipulative verbal side traps, argumentative baiting, irrelevant logic, while sticking to your desired point.

Fogging: A skill that teaches acceptance of manipulative criticism by calmly acknowledging to your critic the probability that there may be some truth in what he says, yet allows you to remain your own judge of what you do.

Example: That’s true. I …”

Effect: Allows you to receive criticism comfortably without becoming anxious or defensive, while giving no reward to those using manipulative criticism.  

Free Information: A skill that teaches the recognition of simple cues given by a social partner in everyday conversation to indicate what is interesting or important to that person.

Effect: Allows you to feel less shy in entering into conversation while at the same time prompting social partners to talk more easily about themselves. 

Negative Assertion: A skill that teaches acceptance of your errors and faults (without having to apologize) by strongly and sympathetically agreeing with hostile or constructive criticism of your negative qualities.

Effect: Allows you to look more comfortably at negatives in your own behavior or personality without feeling defensive and anxious, resorting to denial of real error, while at the same time reducing our critic’s anger or hostility.

Example: “You didn’t do too well in (criticism).” “You’re right. I wasn’t too smart in the way I handled that, was I?” “That was a dumb thing for me to do.” Use this technique in non-legal matters ONLY!

Negative Inquiry: A skill that teaches the active prompting of criticism in order to use the information (if helpful) or exhaust it (if manipulative), while prompting your critic to be more assertive and less dependent on manipulative ploys.

 Effect: Allows you more comfortably to seek out criticism about yourself in close relationships while prompting the other person to express honest negative feelings and improve communication.

Example: “What was it about … that is wrong?”  “What was it that I … that was wrong?”

Self-Disclosure: A skill that teaches the acceptance and initiation of discussion of both the positive and negative aspects of your personality, behavior, lifestyle intelligence, to enhance social communication and reduce manipulation.

Effect: Allows you comfortably to disclose aspects of yourself and your life that previously caused feelings of ignorance, anxiety, or guilt.” 

Example: “I like …” or “I don’t like …”, etc.

Workable compromise: In using your verbal assertive skills, it is practical, whenever you feel that your self-respect is not in question, to offer a workable compromise to the other person.  You can always bargain for your material goals unless the compromise affects your personal feelings of self-respect.  If the end goal involves a matter of your self-worth, however, there can be no compromise.

The Bully Solution 

The solution to the physical bully has not changed over the centuries, although the Representative of the Creator of the Universe, a.k.a. Jesus, said to turn the other cheek. The standard action for a physical bully is to let them know that you are not going to be bullied (an option more applicable in a “Free Society”). The bully probably does not even know that they are a bully as they have been this way all of their lives. For them, this is normal; they just need a notification of being a bully.

There are a few solutions to a verbal bully. If it is attacking criticism or rebuttal, this can be neutralized and made beneficial by a technique call “fogging.” [xi]  Fogging is built on the metaphor that receiving criticism is like a stone that is thrown at a brick wall. The stone will rebound and the criticizer can pick the stone up again and throw it at the target.  However, if the target acts like a fog bank, the stone disappears harmlessly into the fog and defenses are mitigated.

The Rants

The assertive stance is a way of allowing their rant to continue unhindered.  This technique is useful for the in-your-face rants.  The assertive stance is feet spread at shoulder width, hands clasped behind the back and head and eyes straight ahead (the “Parade Rest” position). This allows the target of the rant to avoid getting involved with the rant.  For those who have formed a habit of rants, especially if it is over a phone, a more active tactic is required in response.  In this case, the target simply addresses the rants at the same time as they are coming until the rant ceases.  Then a question can be put forward such as “Now what did you want to talk about?”

Case Study V

It has been observed in females younger than middle aged that may have had the major female surgery to remove their reproductive system tend to exhibit this in-your-face rant (rights to privacy prevent confirming this data). I first noticed this rant behavior within a week of my wife’s major surgery.  Not only face to face or nose to nose, but over the telephone as well.  I once received one of these calls while in the kitchen with two of my housemates.  I held the phone out at arm’s length.  Both of my housemates agreed that no one should have to listen to this.  After about ten years of these phone calls, I received one while in my lab at work.  One of my coworkers suggested, after a similar incident involving a “Type A” project leader (people who are known to “unload on someone”), to give it back to them as it is being dished out.  On this occasion I tried out this suggestion with my now ex-wife and fed information back as fast as I was receiving this attacking rant.  She finally stopped the rant and I asked, “What was it that you wanted to talk about?” I took the position that one cannot go out and find a new mother for their children, and the situation had to be handled the best that it could be handled.

On the wife’s first exploratory visit to the surgeon, he told her that a number of women who had this operation ended up divorced.  When she brought this information home we both agreed that divorce was not an issue about which  we needed to be concerned.  Within six months of this major surgery, she filed for a divorce.  Now, decades later, our son is functioning as her significant other, as it seems that this is the only relationship she is able to maintain with her tendency to go into the attacking rant mode.  I have also met some young, middle aged, sons who seem to be functioning as their mother’s significant other.  How wide spread is this phenomenon?

Case Study VI 

I was on a troubleshooting assignment at a manufacturing plant on the east coast, trying to solve the production problems with a state-of-the-art high field superconductor.  This was not a large facility and the offices were adjacent to the production line.  They had what they called their “meter-high quality control officer.” She actually was about a meter (three feet) tall.  It didn’t seem to matter what one said to her to put her into attacking rant mode.  My office was nearest the production line and I could hear the general manager trying to calm her down in a distant closed office.  He was receiving what can only be considered as extreme abuse from this meter-high QC officer.  It took about a year and a half to solve the production problems and bring this project to a successful conclusion.  On returning back to the west coast, this general manager, who was a personal friend of our program manager (both were Englishmen in the same vocation), visited us in California. He had been dismissed as the general manager and he had come to realize that his brain had been significantly abused and that he was no longer able to make good executive decisions, bringing to the point that one must either control these verbal abusers or face serious brain damage from their attacking rants.

Sexual Assault by a Bully

In the present age, we are seeing more reports of sexual misconduct by bullies.  It is not surprising to see some of these men, who have employment power over women and are not physically or mentally attractive to women, ending up using their employment power to sexually abuse their subordinates.  This abuse may have its origin in an over-controlled society. Brothels have been in use for centuries to meet the needs of men and women who otherwise could not find a sexual partner.  Brothels that are well-regulated by health authorities are still functioning in parts of the U.S.  Regulated brothels would reduce or eliminate underage prostitution, rape, assaults against women and human trafficking.  Brothels offered up as a career option instead of a vice would certainly be going against the grain in a religiously controlled society. Both options of career or vice have their positives and negatives.

Reflective or Active Listening

Reflective or active listening serves a couple of purposes.  1) The target summarizes or paraphrases what the verbal bully is saying and confirms their complaint or position.  2) The target is given time to think of their response.  This technique is something like counting to ten before returning the punch!  3) If the verbal bully is attacking with a question, repeat or rephrase the question, and then answer the question.  This technique also allows the target time to think before responding. This technique is sometimes used by politicians, only they may even go so far as to change the question to one they can answer!  Q.E.D.  

[i] Dr. Kevin Leman, “The New Birth Oder Book”, 2015. http://drleman.com/

[ii] ibid

[iii] Diana Baumrind, http://persweb.wabash.edu/facstaff/hortonr/articles%20for%20class/baumrind.pdf, EBSCO Pub. 2003, PP 890-91

[iv] Ibid (i)

[v] http://deadpresidents.tumblr.com/post/15457991558/which-presidents-were-the-oldest-child-the/

[vi] Dr. Kevin Leman, “The First Born Advantage”, pub. Revell, 2008, p69

[vii] Dr. Kevin Leman, “The Birth Order Book”, pub. Revell, 2015, pp131-148

[viii] Ibid (i)

[ix] Manuel J. Smith, PhD., “When I say no, I feel guilty”, Bantam Books, 1975, pp 323-324

[x] Ibid

[xi] Ibid p323, pp 104-115

Ten Simple Codes of Conduct

Ten Simple Codes of Conduct Ver. 1.0.1

The Philosopher

https://gadflyblog.com/tag/codes-of-conduct/

5/16/2017

Copyright 2017

Introduction

These Ten Simple Codes of Conduct have been misinterpreted since they were first written over three thousand years ago.  They were meant to provide a new nation with an infrastructure that would make them an economic powerhouse and greater than their competitors that would want to take their land from them. These Ten Simple Codes of Conduct when followed, would produce a nation with a high national economic operating efficiency (NEOE), resulting in what would not be a continuing growing national debt as we (the USA) now have, but a national economic surplus.

These Ten Simple Codes of Conduct have been made into a religious symbol by labeling them as “The Ten Commandments” – commandments that must be followed under the authority of God.  Therefore, under a “separation of church and state” policy, a growing number of individuals and organizations think they should be removed from public property.  The Ten Commandments were never meant to be religious and this is probably the most disastrous action that could have been initiated onto these Ten Imperatives.  They were meant to develop a strong infrastructure in this new nation making them economically stronger than their competitors that would take their land from them.  It is the nation’s economic vitality that makes a nation strong, not its many weapons and troops on the ground.   Philosophically, the Ten Commandments are hypothetical Imperatives and not categorical imperatives.  A categorical imperative is something one does because it is the right thing to do.  A hypothetical imperative means there is a reward for following the imperative. German Philosopher, Immanuel Kant, of the eighteenth century, thought that there was only one categorical imperative, as he stated, “Act as if the maxim of thy action were to become by thy will a universal law of nature[i].    The reward for following the Ten Simple Codes of Conduct is that “we will live long in the land that has been given to us.” (Exodus 20:12) Thus, the Ten Simple Codes of Conduct are actually Ten Hypothetical Imperatives.

Two Ways to Enslave a Nation

“There are two ways to enslave a nation – with war and with debt.”
John Adams, second president of the USA

We are in an economic war with our international competitors and the nation that has the highest NEOE will own the other nation’s debt.  Theoretically, the interest on the national debt can grow to exceed our taxable gross national product (GDP) and the cost to operate our country.  In this case, we will have become slaves to the nation holding our national debt.  The Ten Simple Codes of Conduct were, and are meant to, form a strong national infrastructure and create a high NEOE, therefore, making us more competitive in the international economic war.  This is not by the will of a “higher power” but first year economic principles.  The lower a nation’s NEOE, the higher the national debt will be. The higher the nation’s NEOE, the lower the national debt will be, and there may even be a surplus in the budget.

Explanation of the Ten Simple Codes of Conduct [ii]

  1. You shall have no other gods before me: Would not any parent tell their children this same thing – that they are the ones responsible for their children’s well-being, so don’t seek advice or help from anyone else. There is a higher power who is the one with all the resources and He’s the one who is willing to give us the resources we need to live on this planet. Just as our parents gave us what we needed to live on this planet Earth, so does this higher power, a.k.a. the Creator of the Universe (CoU).
  2. Do not make yourself an idol: These instructions are to a people that are naturally very religious and they are going to find something to worship that is going to take up their time, energy and resources. This can be extrapolated to modern times to such things as: alcohol, tobacco, drugs, porn, gambling and many more things that can take control of our lives.  The Russian physiologist, Ivan Pavlov, showed us how easy it is to form a habit through conditioned response by rewarding ourselves for a certain behavior, a.k.a. “classical conditioning” [iii].
  3. You shall not misuse the name of the Lord your God: This has been interpreted for centuries as a verbal This cannot be a verbal activity; it has to be an action activity.   Do not intend to bring harm, discomfort or kill anyone in the name of God, a.k.a. the CoU.  This applies to a nation as well as to individuals that make up that nation.  This cannot be both verbal and action, because if it were both, someone might make a verbal remark that is taken by someone else as “taking God’s name in vain” and then they chose to bring discomfort or death to the accused, which is an action in God’s name, and therefore, misusing the name of God.   Therefore, verbal and action of the misuse of the name of God are mutually exclusive.Even the Apostle Peter did not understand that misusing the name of God is an action, as he verbally accused two capitalists of withholding funds to the Apostles’ social program after they had sold their land and only gave part of the capital gains to the Apostles. It appears both the husband and wife may have died from a heart attack after being accused of sinning against God by Peter for withholding part of the capital gains from the sale of their property and only contributing a portion of the proceeds to the Apostles’ social fund to take care of widows and those in need. [iv]  If this is the role model we are to follow, we are in “Deep Trouble” economically!
  4. Remember the Sabbath and keep it holy: The best reference I have seen on this subject states that “The Sabbath was made for man, not man for the Sabbath.[v]   We need one day a week to recharge our batteries, and spend time with our families and friends.  Everyone needs to choose for themselves what day this will be for them.The latest investigations by this writer indicate that the seven-day week evolved from there being five stars that wandered (Planetes Asteres`), [vi] plus the sun and the moon, as Earth was thought to be the center of the universe. Nature has shown us many numbers in a Fibonacci Sequence (1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, etc. to infinity), such as the numbers of: spring flower petals, rings on a sea shell, layers on a pine cone, stars in galaxies, etc.  The number seven does not appear in any significance in nature!  Therefore, an eight-day week, consisting of a five-day work week and a three-day weekend, would allow for one day to resupply the home with life’s necessities, one day to perform all the required maintenance on the home and one day to spend with family and friends (the Sabbath day).  Or, take as many three-day holidays as you desire. [vii]
  5. Honor your father and your mother, that you might live long, in the land I’m giving you: We need to learn from our parents and respect their wisdom and knowledge.  They have seen things firsthand that we will never see.  “Living long in this land” is an economic reality.  These Ten Simple Codes of Conduct are classified as hypothetical imperatives – something one does because there is a reward for following the imperatives. This is not by the choice of a higher power it is first-year economics.   Any nation that follows these Ten Imperatives (not necessarily the USA) will develop a strong infrastructure and a high NEOE.   The result will be that they will be stronger economically than the nations that would like to take their land from them.Modern twenty-first century technology has shown that, as we develop our skills, knowledge and abilities, our DNA also changes and reflects these improvements. Therefore, our parents and ancestors passed down their skills, knowledge and abilities though their DNA and we will pass our improved DNA to our descendants. Respecting the sources of our DNA certainly speaks of honoring your father and mother and their ancestors.
  6. You shall not murder: We will not advance socially if we are killing each other.  Each of us can contribute to the economics of the nation and we need all of our productive citizens to operate efficiently.
  7. You shall not commit adultery: This is probably one of our nation’s most complicated issues.  One really needs to connect with this Personal Counselor, Personal Advisor, or Tour Guide through Life that the Representative of the Creator of the Universe (RoCoU), a.k.a. Jesus, sent to us at the Pentecost Festival after his ascension into His world in a form that was compliant for the journey.  Notice that these are descriptive terms for what the literature calls The Holy Spirit, or the Holy Ghost. These are known as “horse labels” (“this is a horse” or “this is an elephant”).  The former are known as “descriptive labels,” as they describe what the entity does.  To connect to this Personal Advisor, one only needs to make a decision to want to connect to the Advisor, and the Advisor will find you. Just be prepared to listen to this Advisor advising you (something like “a little birdie told me”). This is all you need to do. There are no ceremonies needed – not even a declaration of your decision, as this decision is personal, private and confidential information, and it is between you and this Personal Counselor.It should be noted that adultery does not specify monogamy; it does not rule out polygamy. Having more than one spouse of either sex earning an income would upset the economy due to the fundamental law of economics: supply and demand.  Having more than one income per household causes those with only one income in their household to have to hold down two jobs or find a way to supplement their income.  Sometimes this situation results from the “Have-Nots” preying on the assets of the “Haves” and feeling justified in doing so.  Civil law would judge these single income families as law-breakers for these activities resulting in the taxpayers paying for their room and board in a government-run penal facility, contributing in-turn to a decrease in our NEOE and an increase in our national debt. [viii]  Thus extra taxes would need to be leveled on multiple income families to equilibrate for the economic reality of supply and demand.
  1. You shall not steal: Theft causes a great inefficiency in our national economic operations. These activities results in there being too many policemen’s boots on the ground trying to manage these crimes and building more prisons to hold more prisoners. It is counterproductive to increasing our GDP and increases our national debt.  This could extrapolate to the point where more of our tax dollars are spent building prisons and taking care of inmates than tax dollars allocated to educating the next generations of GDP producers. Schools and prisons are in competition with each other for funds from the taxpayers. The more funds allocated to prisons, the less funds are allocated to schools that are producing our next generation of GDP producers.
  2. You shall not give false witness against thy neighbor: Courts are inherently inefficient; we should not waste our tax dollars on false reports of crimes committed.  It costs dollars to defend oneself against false charges, which may be the objective of the one making the false report, but we must think of the cost to the taxpayers as well as the effects on our NEOE.
  3. You shall not covet thy neighbor’s house or wife: Be content with what you have. Legal cost to manage greed can be staggering and the negative social issues that result from divorces are numerous and astounding.   These are all a drain on our NEOE and can have lasting effects on others in our society down to the next three or four generations.

Conclusion

The Ten Commandments have been misinterpreted since their inception.  We see their dramatization every year by Cecil B. De Mill’s presentation of The Ten Commandments and Charlton Heston’s portrayal of Moses coming down from Mount Saini with the these Ten Commandments written in stone.

Nobody likes to be commanded to do anything.  This is a loss of their freedom. Or is it?  My canine friend understands a number of commands, but these commands do not take away from his freedom. Instead, they provide for his safety and the safety of others.  Commands such as “stop,” “lead,” or “leave it” are all designed to provide for his safely in crossing streets and disengaging from other canines, felines, squirrels, etc.  So as it is with these Ten Simple Codes of Conduct – they are not given to take away from our freedom, but they are given to protect us from the invasion of our nation by a foreign competitor, by war or by debt, and the resulting loss of our freedom.
Q. E. D.

 

[i] Robert C. Solomon, “Introducing Philosophy”, 4th ed. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Pub. 1989, P 385

[ii], The Bible, NIV, “Exodus 20: 3-17

[iii] Classical Conditioning,  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Classical_conditioning/

[iv] Peter, The Bible, “Acts of the Apostles” 5:1-11

[v] The Bible, NiV, “Mark 2:27”,

[vi] Greek astronomers, Sixth century BC,

[vii] The Philosopher, https://gadflyblog.com/tag/fibonacci/

[viii] https://anewparadigminchristianthinking.wordpress.com/tag/hypothetical-imperatives/

 

Let Your Conscience be Your Guide

Let Your Conscience be Your Guide,  Ver. 2.3.0

The Philosopher

http://gadfly.com/tag/conscience

1/3/2017

Copyright 2017

Definitions [i]

Conscience

1) The sense of what is right and wrong that governs somebody’s thoughts and actions, urging him or her to do right rather than wrong.  2) Behavior, according to what a person’s sense of right and wrong tells them is right.  3)  Psychoanalysis, which is the part of the superego that passes judgment on thought and behavior to the ego for further consideration.

Con-science

1) To cheat somebody dishonestly, usually out of money or property, by first convincing the victim of something that is untrue.  2) To tell somebody something untrue or misleading.  3) To persuade or inveigle somebody to agree to something.  4. A dishonest trick or business ploy that takes advantage of somebody’s trust, such as telling lies in order to get money or property unfairly.  5) An argument against doing something, or evidence supporting the view that something should not be done.

The Source of Conscience

The Creator of the Universe (CoU) was a perfectionist’s perfectionist.   Our knowledge of the universe began its epic journey in 1929 when Edwin Hubble observed, at the Mount Wilson Observatory in southern California, that what were believed to be nebulae (clouds of light) were actually galaxies, and that far off galaxies were exhibiting light in the red spectrum. [ii]  “Hubble’s findings fundamentally changed the scientific view of the universe. Supporters state that Hubble’s discovery of nebulae outside of our galaxy helped pave the way for future astronomers. Yet the reason for the redshift remained unclear. It was Georges Lemaître, a Belgian Catholic priest and physicist, who found that Hubble’s observations supported the Friedmann model of an expanding universe based on Einstein’s equations for General Relativity, which is now known as the Big Bang Theory. This meant the greater the distance between any two galaxies, the greater their relative speed of separation.[iii]  It has been calculated that if the expanding universe expanded at an increased rate of one unit in the fifteenth decimal place, the universe would blow itself up.  If the universe expanded with a decrease of one unit in the fifteenth decimal place, the universe would collapse under the universal force of gravity. [iv] Therefore, the CoU must be a perfectionist’s perfectionist.  In His perfection, the CoU gave the evolved man a brain with wisdom (sapien) and a conscience to guide him through life on his planets.  Questions remain however: When do the Homo sapiens who were given “wisdom” become aware of their conscience?   Is it like “wisdom teeth” that appear in one’s late teens or early twenties, when they progress from being hormonally driven and gain the skill of rational and logical thinking?  Is there another maturity progression when Homo sapiens become aware of their conscience between the ages of thirty-five and thirty-nine?   Are there distractions that prevent the discovery and connection with the conscience, such as background noise like televisions, stereos, radios, MP3 players, headphones, etc.? Or are they age-old teachings handed down from a religious society, instructed by authoritative Homo sapiens to consult a book that has been given authority to guide the Homo sapien to do what is right, a book comprised of the history of the religious society that was groomed to be the landing field for the Representative of the Creator of the Universe (RoCoU), writings of the witnesses of the teachings of the RoCoU who did not themselves know the purpose of this visit from the RoCoU or put their own perspective (spin) to the teachings and purpose of the coming of the RoCoU imparting a religious bent to this visit, or writings of persons to be made a prophet, or other authoritative persons given high position of authority?  There seems to be a great number of reasons why many Homo sapiens do not know they have a conscience let alone knowing how to connect to their conscience to be guided in what action are right and what are wrong.

Jung on the Conscience Connection 

Karl Jung noted in an experiment that he performed on men of various ages in the 1930s, “on their view of God.”  Before the age of thirty-five, the consensus was that “God had no meaning in” the lives of these men. Between the ages of thirty-five and thirty-nine, the consensus was that “God was the most important person” in the lives of these men.  Supposedly, after the age of forty, their views of God did not change; if “God had no meaning” in their lives, He still had no meaning in their lives; if God had become the most important person in their lives, He remained the most important person in their lives.

History of the Conscience

Does this recognition of God, as observed by Jung, mean that the recognition of conscience is a maturing process? And, if it does not happen to everyone, there must have been a seed planted in their minds at some earlier period of their growth?  The RoCoU (a.k.a. Jesus) taught that a seed as small as a mustard seed, when planted, can grow into the largest of plants. [v]  Did He mean that we need to plant the seed of God into our developing Homo sapiens? The mystery continues: How does one become aware of their conscience, a conscience that guides the Homo sapiens to do the right thing?  Socrates is quoted as stating that he was “guided by a Spirit or Daemon[vi]” to keep him from making mistakes”. [vii] This is the only recorded acknowledgement, as per this author, that this phenomenon was personalized up until the delivery of “The Personal Counselor,” a.k.a. Advocate, a.k.a. the Holy Spirit, was delivered, as He, the RoCoU, had promised, on the day of the Pentecost Festival following His crucifixion, resurrection and ascension. [viii]

Let Your Conscience be Your Guide” is a statement as old as history; it did not originate with Jiminy Cricket in Pinocchio in 1940 as many believe.  The writer of 1 John in the Bible disagrees with this statement and believes the conscience can be corrupted; he insists that one must listen to God. “…assumes conscience [or heart] may deceive in much the same way as feelings may deceive. Faith means trusting in God’s love and making ourselves available for its action despite what we may feel. Faith cannot be based on feelings. Nor should its criterion of authenticity be absence of struggle. A troubled conscience or mind may coexist with a life of faith. By shifting the basis for confidence from human feelings and inner harmony to hard faith facts about God and behavior, the author is boycotting a common religious trend, then and now, to make inner human experiences the criteria of spirituality…. It would [also] be wrong to read this passage as devaluing conscience or our thoughts and feelings altogether. They may be a guide, but their quality as guide will be determined by the quality of person who is being guided. The author is not operating with an idealistic notion of conscience as somehow representing the voice of God within….He operates rather with the notion that our thoughts and feelings are part of our own system of awareness which may be misinformed and misguided. There is also a touch of realism in the author’s obvious appreciation that Christians may well at times have to struggle with unresolved tensions within their personalities which have their origin somewhere other than God. There is a profound comfort in the assurance that God is greater than our conscience and knows all (3.20), because this God is the God of love and compassion and may be trusted.”[ix] [x]

The Origin of God’s Word Recorded in Writing

The Development of the Christian Church

The Christian Church had its beginnings on the day of the Pentecost Festival after the death, resurrection and ascension of the RoCoU, and the arrival of the Personal Counselor, Advocate or Holy Spirit.   The first church planters were Peter and Paul. “Two men started the churches; they were Peter and Paul, two different men and two different churches.” [xi]  The new churches grew with many differences in doctrine, practices and traditions over the next three hundred years (e.g.  infant baptism, as baptism was seen as the gateway to Heaven; believers’ baptism or baptism of converts; churches where women played a major role; churches were women were not allowed to participate in the church at all; on what day the Sabbath was, whether on Sunday or Saturday; etc.)  To quote from Gulliver’s Travels (Johnathan Swift, 1726): “Some cracked their eggs on the small end and some cracked their eggs on the large end,” and I suppose some cracked their eggs in the middle.

The Emperor Constantine

While the Roman Emperor Constantine the Great reigned (306–337 AD), Christianity began to transition to the dominant religion of the Roman Empire. Historians remain uncertain about Constantine’s reasons for favoring Christianity, and theologians and historians have argued about which form of Early Christianity he subscribed to. There is no consensus among scholars as to whether he adopted his mother Helena’s Christianity in his youth, or (as claimed by Eusebius of Caesarea) encouraged her to convert to the faith himself. Some scholars question the extent to which he should be considered a Christian emperor: “Constantine saw himself as an ’emperor of the Christian people.’ If this made him a Christian is the subject of … debate.”, although he allegedly received a baptism shortly before his death.

“Constantine’s decision to cease the persecution of Christians in the Roman Empire was a turning point for Early Christianity, sometimes referred to as the Triumph of the Church, the Peace of the Church or the Constantinian shift. In 313, Constantine and Licinius issued the Edict of Milan decriminalizing Christian worship. The emperor became a great patron of the Church and set a precedent for the position of the Christian emperor within the Church and the notion of orthodoxy, Christendom, ecumenical councils and the state church of the Roman Empire declared by edict in 380. He is revered as a saint and isapostolos in the Eastern Orthodox Church and Oriental Orthodox Church for his example as a “Christian monarch.” [xii]

“Constantine wanted a consistent doctrine to be upheld in the Christian Church and the dissenting churches began to disappear or went underground.” [xiii] 

Beyond Constantine and the Evolution of the Christian Church

One of these dissenting churches became known as Anabaptist (meaning re-baptizers).  Baptism of infants predominated in the Constantine Church.  Anabaptist was not a term of endearment but akin to the present-day label of “terrorist,” in that they could be killed on sight.  It was common in this time period to fine the heads of the Anabaptists displayed on a stake for all to see. [xiv]  Anabaptists are today known as Baptists; they were never a part of the Catholic (Constantine Church) but survived through the dark history in isolation.

The Bible Canonized

At this written in the first quarter of the twenty-first century, Christians are being taught to look in the Bible, which is “God’s Word,” to determine right from wrong.  The Bible was canonized at “The Council of Trent, held between 1545 and 1563 in Trento (Trent) and Bologna, northern Italy. [It] was one of the Roman Catholic Church’s most important ecumenical councils.  Prompted by the Protestant Reformation, it has been described as the embodiment of the Counter-Reformation. During its deliberations, the Council made the Vulgate the official example of the Biblical canon and commissioned the creation of a standard version, although this was not achieved until the 1590s.” [xv] Those Gospels chosen for the cannon were consistent with the events of the death, resurrection and ascension of Jesus. “There are four corners of the earth and four winds thus four Gospels”.  The message of the Council of Trent seems to be this sequence of events in the processes of Jesus’s exit from planet Earth.  Are we to consider these writings in this cannon, “The Bible”, as the “Word of God” to be our guide and not our Conscience?

The Nag Hammadi Scriptures [xvi]

“The Nag Hammadi Scriptures is a collection of thirteen papyrus codices-bound books, not scrolls-that were buried near the city of Nag Hammadi in Upper Egypt most likely in the second half of the fourth century CE.” These codices were discovered in 1945 by a gatherer of fertilizer looking for bird droppings.  It is suggested that these writings were considered as apocryphal writings by leaders of the church.  In these codices is the Gospel of Thomas thought to be the “Q”, the missing reference used by the writers of Mathew and Luke because of their similarities.  “The Gospel of Thomas” contains the sayings of Jesus as recorded by His disciples.  “The Secret Letter of James” mentions a meeting of the Apostles where they recalled and documented the saying they recalled or heard from others. James also mentions a visit at this meeting by Jesus, resurrected, that encouraged them to not be afraid of death. This is a revelation by a pseudonym called James at the end of the second century or at the beginning of the third, in Egypt, probably in Alexandria, in a milieu moving toward a break with the official church .

These Nag Hammadi Scriptures were not available at the Council of Trent when the writings were chosen for the cannon. These Codices were like a sealed “Time Capsule” some person(s) thought they were important and should survive whatever cries drove them to this decision.  It can only be speculated that this crisis was the Roman Emperor Constantine’s desire to have only one church doctrine; as the time periods seems to fit these two events.  

The Lutheran Church’s Origin

Luther formed the Lutheran Church in Germany, dissenting from the Catholic Tradition in 1517. “Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity which identifies with the theology of Martin Luther (1483-1546), a German friar, ecclesiastical reformer and theologian.

“Luther’s efforts to reform the theology and practice of the Catholic Church launched the Protestant Reformation in the German-speaking territories of the Holy Roman Empire. Beginning with the Ninety-Five Theses, first published in 1517, Luther’s writings were disseminated internationally, spreading the early ideas of the Reformation beyond the influence and control of the Roman Curia and the Holy Roman Emperor. The split between the Lutherans and the Catholics was made public and clear with the 1521 Edict of Worms: the edicts of the Diet condemned Luther and officially banned citizens of the Holy Roman Empire from defending or propagating his ideas, subjecting advocates of Lutheranism to forfeiture of all property, half of the seized property to be forfeit to the imperial government and the remaining half forfeit to the party who brought the accusation.  The divide centered primarily on two points: the proper source of authority in the church, often called the formal principle of the Reformation, and the doctrine of justification, often called the material principle.” [xvii]

The Origin of the Protestant Bible

“The King James Version (KJV), also known as the Authorized Version (AV) or the King James Bible (KJB), is an English translation of the Christian Bible for the Church of England begun in 1604 and completed in 1611.  The books of the King James Version include the 39 books of the Old Testament, an intertestamental section containing 14 books of the Apocrypha, and the 27 books of the New Testament.

“It was first printed by the King’s Printer Robert Barker and was the third translation into English, approved by the English Church authorities. The first had been the Great Bible, commissioned in the reign of King Henry VIII (1535), and the second had been the Bishops’ Bible of 1568.  In January 1604, James VI and I convened the Hampton Court Conference, where a new English version was conceived in response to the problems of the earlier translations perceived by the Puritans, a faction of the Church of England.  The translation is noted for its “majesty of style”, and has been described as one of the most important books in English culture.

“James gave the translators instructions intended to ensure that the new version would conform to the ecclesiology and reflect the episcopal structure of the Church of England and its belief in an ordained clergy.” By the first half of the 18th century, the Authorized Version had become effectively unchallenged as the English translation used in Anglican and English Protestant churches, except for the Psalms and some short passages in the Book of Common Prayer of the Church of England. Over the course of the 18th century, the Authorized Version supplanted the Latin Vulgate as the standard version of scripture for English-speaking scholars.” [xviii]

The Word of God

The King James Bible and its many translations into Modern English are now promoted by Protestant and Baptist Churches as the “Word of God.”  This is where Christians are to look to determine what actions are right and which are wrong.  Is the Bible then to be used to program the conscience as to what actions are right and which are wrong?  Which does one depend on for guidance – “God’s Written Word” or their own conscience programed in-turn by the Personal Counselor, Advocate, and/or the Holy Spirit?

The Origin of “Let your Conscience be Your Guide”

This is a statement from Caliph Umar’s prayer at Jabiah, after surrender of Jerusalem during the second Crusade: “Do not hesitate to say what you consider to be the truth. Say what you feel. Let your conscience be your guide” (Islamic Cir. 1189). However, Umar also encourages those under his protectorate to follow the teaching in the Quran, which has been given authority equal to if not superior to the conscience.[xix] [xx] Does one of Islamic faith than follow their conscience or the Quran? Or is the Quran used to program the conscience?

Pavlov’s Conditioned Response Visited

“Classical conditioning is now the best understood of the basic learning processes, and its neural substrates are beginning to be understood.” [xxi]  Could these declared authoritative documents; the Bible and the Koran, be used to condition the readers response to their Conscience?  In other words is our Conscience programmable as in computer language “Garbage in-Garbage out”? Should we be looking to our Conscience for guidance or to some other authoritative source?  This writers opinion is that the Conscience is the most reliable source of guidance when it is in connection with the Personal Counselor, Advocate or Holy Spirit sent to us by the RoCoU.

The Founding Fathers of the USA

The Founding Fathers of the USA stipulated that the President of the USA must be at least thirty-five years of age to hold that office.  Therefore, the Founding Fathers must have had some information regarding the maturity factor of establishing contact with one’s conscience.

The Historical Data Summarized 

This historical data certainly indicates that, throughout history, there was a sense of a “Guiding Conscience.” 

Our Expanded Knowledge of the Universe and Life

These discoveries have led us to the present, with the Hubble, Kepler telescopes, and other space-based instruments, determining that there are approximately four billion planets orbiting a sun (star) in the “Goldilocks Zone” (not too hot, not too cold), enabling water to exist in the liquid state and approximately one hundred thousand of these planets in the Milky Way Galaxy.  Given water, salt, amino acids and oxygen, life of one cell can be created that rapidly divides and multiplies and grows into the many shapes and sizes, of biological species, that we observe today. [xxii]

The Role of Evolution and Creation

The evolved spices of form and function to the Homo species might then be given “wisdom” by the CoU, and thus a conscience to guide them through life on that planet, thus becoming Homo sapiens (sapien means “wise”).   With their wisdom, they create all sorts of religions, based on monotheism, multi-theism, chief gods and servant gods – some demanding sacrifices, both dead and alive, even virgins to please their gods.  They look to their gods and written documents for guidance and to know right from wrong.

The Process on Earth and Other Planets

Therefore, we on planet Earth are not alone in the universe; life is evolving or has evolved on other planets in the universe just as on planet Earth.  When the time, conditions and a landing field for the RoCoU, have developed (a monotheist society, communities, communication networks, etc.), the RoCoU would likely be sent to that planet as a seed planted in a virgin and the RoCoU would grow up in that society and become a respected teacher.  He would then teach a small group of disciples, possible an even dozen, and others who follow Him, how to live on that planet successfully, how to get their basic needs of food, shelter and clothing met, and how to get along in peace with each other and in peace, as a nation, with other nations.   He would even teach them how to connect with the conscience that the CoU implanted in them when He gave them wisdom and became Homo sapiens (wise homos).  Being a religious society, they created another religion with the RoCoU (under a different name like Jesus) as the head of this religion.  This religion expands to cover the planet.  Technology and science evolve and progress until they discover that the head of their church (a.k.a. Jesus) is really the Representative from the Creator of the Universe (RoCoU) and they learn to connect to their conscience for guidance, rather than ancient writings, and religion becomes an artifact in their societies and there is peace between individuals and nations until the end of time for this planet.

The Evolution of the Universe

Suns are born of a seed and, under the universal force of gravity, matter scattered throughout the universe, by the death of a previous sun or the Big Bang and this matter is gathered to this seed including hydrogen, which is in abundance in the universe. When the seed has enough hydrogen gathered, through the force of gravity a nuclear reaction fusing the nuclei of the hydrogen atoms together, releasing much energy and forming helium, the mass of this new sun will continue to grow clearing its space of gravitational influence of all matter.  Planets will form from seeds of matter as well and will clear their space of material within their gravitational influence.  The centripetal force produced by the orbit of these planets around the sun counterbalances the gravity of the sun and they come to equilibrium in an orbit around the sun.

As the sun consumes the hydrogen fuel, its ability to counterbalance the force of gravity and consequently be compressed into either a Black Hole (a.k.a. Black Energy) or will rebound and expel its gathered and remanufactured contents (The Table of Elements) back into the universe.  In this way, suns are like biological plants, as they are born of a seed, grow and mature, live a full and useful life, die and reproduce themselves many times over.  The universe, in turn, began as a seed and with The Big Bang and is expanding and creating new galaxies to fill the voids created by its expansion, thus also acting as if a living plant. [xxiii]

Religion a Phenomena of Ancient History

When we compare religion to our increased knowledge of the universe since the early twentieth century from our space probes, we become aware that we now know more than any generation before us about the creation of the universe and its Creator, and religion needs to be filed into the history books as being part of our past!  It is time for the inhabitants of planet Earth to move forward, trusting in their Creator who has given conscience for guidance.  He has put the books of knowledge about what is right and what is wrong, and been given absolute authority by the Homo sapiens as part of a religious sect, onto the book shelves as informative information and not absolute commands for knowing the right from the wrong.  Let us move on from worshipping our God (the creator) or our gods and our books of authority to, as Jiminy Cricket said, “Let your conscience be your guide.”  The RoCoU sent us a Personal Counselor who communicates to us through our conscience.  Prior to this event, which took place at the Pentecost Festival following the RoCoU’s return to His home base somewhere in the Universe; Homo sapiens did not have this advantage and made some bad choices. x

The Path to Peace on Earth

To achieve “Peace on Earth,” we need to move from trusting in religion and get everyone on the same page, trusting in their conscience which is guided by the Personal Counselor sent to us by the RoCoU.  This is not religion but is, in fact, science and “science tells you the truth whether you like it or not!” [xxiv] The RoCoU did not expect us to worship him as God or as the Creator of the Universe; He came to show us how to live on this planet and communicate with our conscience which, in turn, is guided by His Personal Counselor.

QED

“God has provided a way, but man continually creates his own way.” – Proverbs

 

 

[i] Definitions of Conscience and Con-science are from various dictionaries.

[ii] Doppler Effect physics: “An increase (or decrease) in the frequency of sound, light, or other waves as the source and observer move toward (or away from) each other. The effect causes the sudden change in pitch noticeable in a passing siren, as well as the redshift seen by astronomers.” Oxford Dictionaries

[iii] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edwin_Hubble#The_universe_goes_beyond_the_Milky_Way_galaxy

[iv] Stephen Hawkins, “The Universe”, BBC, 1997, PBS Distribution

[v] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parable_of_the_Mustard_Seed

[vi] (In ancient Greek belief) a divinity or supernatural being of a nature between gods and humans

[vii] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Socrates

[viii] https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=John+14:16-18&version=NIV, https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=John+14%3A26-27&version=NIV , https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=John+16%3A7-11&version=NIV

[ix] http://www.beliefnet.com/columnists/bibleandculture/2005/07/let-your-conscience-be-your-guide-not-exactly.html

[x] http://catholicexchange.com/letting-your-conscience-be-your-guide-what-jiminy-cricket-didn%e2%80%99t-tell-you

[xi] My Mother Cir. 1962

[xii] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constantine_the_Great_and_Christianity

[xiii] “From Jesus to Christ” “The First Christians”, WGBH Educational Foundation, 1998; Frontline, PBS Distribution

[xiv] “The Little Red Book”, Anabaptist Cir. unknown

[xv] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Council_of_Trent

[xvi] Marvin Meyer, editor, The Nag Hammadi Scriptures, The International Edition, HarperOne, 2007

[xvii] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lutheranism

[xviii] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_James_Version

[xix] http://www.cyberistan.org/islamic/umar.html

[xx] http://www.sermoncentral.com/sermons/let-your-conscience-be-your-guide-david-dykes-sermon-on-apologetics-general-96265

[xxi] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Classical_conditioning

[xxii] Stephen Hawkins, Genius, PBS Distribution, 2016

[xxiii] Ibid iv

[xxiv] An Astro Physicist’s statement about the Universe Cir. 2016

The Litmus Test that Divides the World

The Litmus Test that Divides the World Ver. 1.0.4

The Philosopher

http:gadflyblog.com/litmus-test

11/19/2016

Copyright 2016

Introduction

The litmus test of many of the Protestant religions is, “Have you accepted Jesus Christ as your personal Lord and Savior?”   What is the origin of this doctrine?  Did the people who developed this doctrine have knowledge of who this person named Jesus really was?  Did they really understand the magnitude of the mission of this person they called Jesus and who has been placed at the head of the Christian Church?  Did they really understand who this person they called Jesus really was?

The Discovery that Changed the World and Theology

Edwin Powell Hubble (November 20, 1889 – September 28, 1953) was an American astronomer who played a crucial role in establishing the field of extragalactic astronomy and is generally regarded as one of the most important observational cosmologists of the 20th century. Hubble is known for showing that the recessional velocity of a galaxy increases with its distance from the earth, implying the universe is expanding, known as ‘Hubble’s Law,’ although a preliminary version of this relation was proposed by Georges Lemaître, a Belgian Catholic priest and physicist, two years earlier in a less prominent journal. It was Georges Lemaître, who found that Hubble’s observations supported the Friedmann model of an expanding universe based on Einstein’s equations for General Relativity, which is now known as the Big Bang theory.” [i] 

Hubble observed that far off galaxies emit light in the red spectrum, indicating that these galaxies are moving away from the observer.  This is known as “The Doppler Effect.” This is the idea that, if one were standing on a train platform and a train approached blowing its whistle, the pitch of the sound (wave frequency) of the whistle would increase as the train approached the observer.  As the train, still blowing its whistle, left the observer, the pitch of the sound of the whistle would decrease.  This is also true of light waves.  Thus, with the red spectrum being a longer wave length than white light, the galaxies are moving away from the observer (Edwin Hubble at the Mount Wilson Observatory in Southern California).

The discovery that the universe is expanding is equivalent to discovering that planet Earth is not flat but spherical.  This knowledge offered many opportunities to explore planet Earth, which led to the development of the world.  The discovery that the universe is expanding has led to further exploration of the universe.

The New Universe

Astronomers, cosmologists and astrophysicists agree that there are approximately four billion planets in the universe and 100,000 in our Milky Way galaxy, orbiting a star (sun) in the “Goldilocks Zone” (not too hot and not too cold).  This orbit would result in the planet being capable of containing water at liquid temperatures.   Given water, salt, amino acids and oxygen, a microorganism would be born that rapidly divides and multiplies, growing into the many shapes and sizes we observe on planet Earth. [ii]

The New Jesus (the RoCoU)

This new data makes the old data of this person they named Jesus out of date.  It is evident that this person named Jesus was indeed the Representative of the Creator of the Universe (RoCoU).  In order to land a plane on the surface of the Earth, a runway must be constructed for the airplane to land.  The same is true of the RoCoU; He needed a platform on which to land and that platform was the Israelite nation developed by the Creator of the Universe (CoU) as recorded in the Old Testament of the Book of Books – the Bible.   In fact the prophets of this historic nation proclaimed the coming of the RoCoU.

At this time, the world was engulfed with religion of one sort or another. The Israelites were a monotheist society offering the perfect landing platform for the RoCoU.  The RoCoU landed on planet Earth through a seed planted in a virgin maiden of the Israelites.  He was born a Homo sapien (modern man), and made Himself a respected teacher who gave us the “Operating Instructions” for living on this creation (planet Earth) and getting our basic needs of food, shelter and clothing met and how to live successfully on this planet Earth, including how to live in peace with our neighbors and other nations[iii].

The RoCoU was in teaching mode for about three years, when apparently he lost favor with those whose income was threatened by his teachings. [iv]  The RoCoU was crucified by the Roman authority at the request of the Jewish (Israelite) authority that was, at this time, ruled over by the Romans.  The RoCoU needed to die and be buried on planet Earth so that He could rise again in the form that would allow Him to travel to His home in the universe or to one of His next assignment on another planet where life had evolved, developed and been given wisdom (Sapien) to a form that could understand His teachings (Homo Sapiens).

The people to whom He was teaching these principles of life on planet Earth were not capable of understanding the fullness of His message.  They were a religious society, so they make a religion of the teachings of the RoCoU and established this person they named Jesus as the head of that religion and worshiped him as a new religion – Christianity; these are the “Leftover Trappings of a Religious Society.”  This religion has continued until the twenty-first century when our knowledge of the universe has shed light on who this person they named Jesus really was or could be.  He was indeed knowledgeable in all aspects of the universe and the science that has been developed in the past four hundred years since the beginning of applied science, when Galileo proved the Copernicus theory that planet Earth orbited around the sun and not the sun around planet Earth, as was the religious doctrine dictated in Galileo’s time by the church of this period.

The Identity Crisis

The RoCoU stated that not all men would except His message and He promised that He would not leave us alone on this planet Earth, but would send us a Personal Counselor to guide us through life and teach us all that we need to know. He identified this Personal Counselor as The Holy Spirit.[v]

Therein lays the problem associated with the litmus test – accepting Jesus Christ as your personal Lord and Savior.  The observation that not all men know of these teachings of the RoCoU or do not care to follow or acknowledge Him or his teachings leads to the conclusion that there needs to be a trigger mechanism that allows men to accept the teaching of the RoCoU.  Also, it is evident from the experience stated by Socrates as, “Socrates claimed to have a daimonion (literally, a ‘divine something’) that frequently warned him—in the form of a ‘voice’—against mistakes but never told him what to do.[vi] leads one to conclude that this spirit of the CoU was in the world long before the visit from the RoCoU. This begs the question: “Is this guiding Personal Counselor sent by the RoCoU the same as awakening one’s conscience as a guide through life on planet Earth?”

The Conscience and the Conclusion of the Mystery

When one learns to listen to their conscience for guidance by whatever means – be it maturity, conviction, crises, or indoctrination – this could very well be what was intended by the CoU when He instilled wisdom into the evolved Homo species, leading to the term Homo Sapiens (Wise Homos).  Therefore, the divisive doctrine of “accepting Jesus Christ as your personal Lord and Savior” is not only unnecessary, but also self-defeating in accomplishing the mission of the RoCoU on this planet Earth and that mission is to connect every Homo Sapien to his conscience that he may be guided by the RoCoU’s advocate – the Personal Counselor or Holy Spirit.

QED

“A new scientific truth does not triumph by convincing its opponents and making them see the light, but rather because its opponents eventually die, and a new generation grows up that is familiar with it.” (Max Planck 1858-1947)

 “Belief perseverance is maintaining a belief despite new information that firmly contradicts it.  Since rationality involves conceptual flexibility, belief perseverance is consistent with the View that human beings act at times in an irrational manner.” [vii] Ferdinand Canning Scott Schiller (1864 –1937), usually cited as F. C. S. Schiller, was a German-British philosopher, holds that “belief perseverance “deserves to rank among the fundamental ‘laws’ of nature.”

[i] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edwin_Hubble

[ii] Steven Hawkins, “Genius”, PBS, 2016

[iii] The Books of Luke I and Mark, The Book of Books -The Bible

[iv] http://www.billoreilly.com/killing-jesus

[v] https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=John+16%3A13-15&version=NIV

[vi] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daemon_(classical_mythology)/

[vii] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Belief_perseverance

The Gadfly

The Gadfly ver. 1.2.3

https://gadflyblog.wordpress.com/gadfly

The Top Gun National Crises Troubleshooter, Retired

http://thephilosopheronpolitics.wordpress.com/tag/gad-fly/

The Philosopher

http://anewparadigminchristianthinking.wordpress.com/tag/gad-fly/

8/31/2016

Copyright 2016

Definition of Gad Fly

  • A fly that bites livestock, especially a horsefly, warble fly, or botfly.
  • An annoying person, especially one who provokes others into action by criticism.

The Gad Fly of the Greek Democracy[i]

  • Plato refers to Socrates as the “gad fly” of the state (as the gad fly stings the horse into action, so Socrates stung various Athenians).

The Gad Fly of the Christian Church[ii]

A New Paradigm in Christian Thinkingis the gad fly of the Christian Church.  Christian Churches do not accept criticism, ever. The price of criticism in the Christian Church is excommunication.  Christian sees themselves as “birds of a feather” and a critical bird is not of their nest.  They must protect the income and salaries of the professional Christians, the minds of their youth and the minds of all of their members from the gad flies of the Christian Church. Professional Christians must preach to the choir, instructing them on the religion that they have chosen to put their faith.  The cost of not preaching to the choir is that the choir will vote with their feet and donations, resulting in a loss of income to the church and the professional Christians who probably have children – if Protestant – that they need to get through college and a mortgage to pay off.   If the professional Christians are Catholic, they will not meet with the approval of the hierarchy of the church and will be excommunicated.

Max Planck, the German nuclear physicist of the early twentieth century, stated, “A new scientific truth does not triumph by convincing its opponents and making them see the light, but rather because its opponents eventually die, and a new generation grows up that is familiar with it.[iii]

The same statement can be made of religion.  Acceptance of a new viewpoint of the existing data on religion can only take place when a younger generation becomes comfortable with these new views and those who are adamantly opposed to these new views die off.

Because of this self-protection of the minds of the youths, the church is destined to disappear for failure to keep up with our knowledge of the universe and the light it has shined on our knowledge and purpose of the visit to planet Earth of the Representative of the Creator of the Universe (RoCoU) two thousand years ago, and taught how the Homo sapiens who have evolved over the past thousands of centuries can get their basic needs of food, clothing and shelter met on this planet Earth and how to live in peace with each other and other nations.

An interesting side note is that Paleoanthropologist has found no link to the evolution of the Homo sapiens skull to that of the evolved Ancient Man, leaving open the creation of the Homo species by the “Creator of the Universe”.  Although ancient man and modern man have identical bone structure from the neck on down, their skulls and thus brains are much different, nor is there any evidence of a transitional development from the skull of Ancient Man to the skull (Brain) of the Homo Species. [iv]

The advances in our knowledge of the universe and the life creation process in the last one hundred years, mainly due to the Hubble Telescope and advances in life science, have put the Christian Church in a position where they need to update their theology from religious to pragmatic (cause and effect, science) or face extinction.  The church is clearly in a position of “grow or die” and the church cannot possibly grow with the determination to maintain their existing course, a course established and handed down through the generations and centuries by people that did not understand the meaning, instructions from the RoCoU and implications of the events that had taken place in the very beginning of “The Way” or the Christian Church.  These events took place in a very religious society and that society, for the most part, saw and recorded these events through a religious lens (perspective).

Case Study I

The RoCoU that visited planet Earth two thousand years ago taught the audience that had gathered around Him how to get along with other people on a one-on-one basis and how nations could live in peace with one another on a nation-to-nation basis.[v]

  • For in the same way you judge others, you will be judged, and with the measure you use, it will be measured to you.” [vi] From the accepted Christian perspective, their judgments will be judged by a higher power at the end of the life of planet Earth. They do not see their judging others as something that has immediate consequences.  From the pragmatic perspective, the effect of judging others – be it one-on-one or nation-to-nation – will have immediate consequences.  All Homo sapiens on planet Earth are of equal authority; one does not have dominion over another. And as one Homo sapiens judges another, so in turn are they judged by those they are judging in real time by the same measure they are using to judge!This holds true for one nation to judge another nation. As one nation judges another, so is that nation judged, by the measure they use to judge, by the nation they are judging.  As in the case where the USA is judging ISIS with “air strikes,” the USA is being judged by ISIS attacking soft target (civilian targets, airplanes, restaurants, public places, etc.) with bombing and assault weapons.  The USA has judged ISIS as “barbaric” and ISIS, in turn, has judged the USA as “barbaric”.  This ISIS War has made it impossible to tell the Barbarians from the Barbarians.

Wars of our past have been mislabeled.  We must remember that the President of the USA is also the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of the USA.  The orders given by the President must be followed by the USA military forces.  The President does not issue illegal orders.  If the President  orders it, it is a legal order and must be obeyed by those in subornation to the Commander-in-Chief.  One can argue that they do not have to follow an illegal order, but they will probably be sent to the brig while the Supreme Court reviews their case. They will be removed from and replaced from duty and someone else will carry out the Commander-in-Chief’s order.

Therefore the Civil War as we know it was not our civil war – it was  Lincoln’s War.  The USA involvement in WWII was FDR’s and Truman’s War.  Harry Truman was President when the Korean War began in 1950, and Dwight Eisenhower was elected in 1952 and was President when the armistice was signed in 1953.  The Vietnam War was JFK’s initiative and LBJ’s Bombing War; Nixon pulled USA troops out of Vietnam. The Serbia vs. Bosnia, Kosovo, NATO was Clinton’s war.  The Persian Gulf War I with Iraq was G.H.W. Bush’s War.  The Iraq War was G.W. Bush’s War and the ISIS-ISIL War is Obama’s War.

As a professional troubleshooter for over forty years, I can equivalently state that, “A problem must be accurately described before action is taken to try and solve the problem; if not, a bigger problem will be the result.”  By placing the proper labels on our past wars, we should gain some insight as to the right problem to solve.

The Right Problem to Solve

  • Settle matters quickly with your adversary who is taking you to court. Do it while you are still together on the way, or your adversary may hand you over to the judge, and the judge may hand you over to the officer, and you may be thrown into prison.” [vii]

The term “workable compromise” was not coined until the twentieth century. Is it any wonder that our ancestors did not understand the meaning of the above instruction from the RoCoU during his visit to planet Earth two thousand years ago?  A workable Compromise is a solution to conflicts that work for all participants in the disagreement.  The first step in search of a workable compromise is to ask the conflicting subject, “What do you want?”  If one does not understand what the conflicting parties want, how can a resolution ever be found that works for the principle parties?

  • Or suppose a king is about to go to war against another king. Won’t he first sit down and consider whether he is able with ten thousand men to oppose the one coming against him with twenty thousand? If he is not able, he will send a delegation while the other is still a long way off and will ask for terms of peace.[viii]

Here we have the workable compromise on a much larger scale.  In the case of USA vs. ISIS, the question was never asked, “What do you want?”  If we trace back the steps of the previous administrations, we should be able to predict what ISIS-ISIL wants.  The Sunni Muslims were in power in Iraq prior to G.W. Bush’s administration.  G.W. Bush’s War left the Sunni dispossessed from their homeland by the puppet Shiite Muslim administration installed by Bush. Iraq’s neighbor, Syria, was involved in its own civil war; The Sunni Muslims, now still armed with their weapons from the now defunct Iraq Red Army, seized the opportunity and developed their base of operation in Syria.  This new ISIL then made pronouncement on video, in a very barbaric way, for the USA to “Stay out of our fight.”  The Obama administration judged ISIL as “terrorists” and initiated air strikes against ISIS-ISIL as they threatened our allies in power in Iraq.

As described above in Case Study I, judging a nation as terrorist will result in the judging nation to be judged as terrorist by the judged nation.   As the USA conducted air strikes against “hard targets” (military targets) in an attempt to minimize collateral damage (civilian deaths), ISIS-ISIL, in retaliation, began bombing and assaulting soft targets (Civilian Targets).

Judging and the lack of ability to negotiate a workable compromise by the Obama administration has, and will continue to, cost the western civilization much cost in damage, dislocation of refugees and lives of civilians.  It is apparent that even a routine change in the administration by a newly elected administration will not end this conflict with ISIS-ISIL. A resignation or impeachment of the Chief Executive seems the proper road to pursue.  A newly elected administration would be in a position of trying to apologize for the actions of the previous administrations, and that never happens.

The Lens Used for the Viewing of the Facts

The lens one views the facts, events or evidence through determines the conclusions that the viewer will hold as the correct interpretation of the facts, events or evidence. The classic scenario is this: Two men who are walking in the woods come upon an immaculate garden, complete with trimmed hedges, flower garden arrangements, etc.   One man states, “There must be a caretaker for this place.” The other man states, “What a wonderful work of nature.”   The events that took place during the visit of the RoCoU two thousand years ago can be looked at through a religious lens or a pragmatic lens.

There are two and maybe three writers that were able to record the events, of the visit to Earth by the RoCoU and the events that took place, without looking though there religious lens.  Mark, who wrote the book of Mark in the Book of Books, the Bible, was a young man on the perimeter of the core group who became the Apostles of the RoCoU. He found himself in Rome where much persecution was taking place of the “Christians” in Rome.  He took it upon himself to record for the purpose of history the events that had taken place during his life.  He was an eyewitness to some of the events and received reports from those who were part of the core group of the RoCoU.  The style of writing for an historian is to answer the questions, “who, what, where and when.”   Luke, who wrote the books of Luke (Luke I) and Acts of the Apostles (Luke II), was contracted to record the events that had and were taking place in this time period. [ix]  Luke wrote under the guidelines of a journalist, answering “who, what, where and when.”  Luke was an eyewitness to many of the events that took place, he interviewed others who were eyewitnesses of events and he was an embedded journalist with the Apostle Paul on his missionary journeys.  Matthew was a tax collector and a Jew who made an argument to Jews of the authentication of the RoCoU to the Jewish religion.  He sometimes included the “why” in his writings, as did John in the book of John.  This would make their writing styles, “who, what, where, when and why” a little more difficult to sort out the facts from their interpretation of the facts and events that took place during this visit of the RoCoU.  The Apostle Paul was highly educated in Jewish religion and history.  He viewed our relationship with the RoCoU through the lens of Jewish religion and history.  A close examination of the writing of Paul will disclose that his view of the RoCoU’s visit to planet Earth was religious and the RoCoU’s view of his visit to earth was pragmatic and the next step in the evolution of the Homo species on planet Earth.

The Gad Fly of the Democracy of the USA

The present day gad fly of democracy in the USA is The Top Gun National Crises Troubleshooter, Retired.[x]  The Greeks invented democracy from scratch and it worked well for them for about 170 years.  The Greeks were on the peak of their Golden Age when they got tired of hearing their gad fly, Socrates, who was a critic of their society, in particular of the shortcomings and corruption in this democracy.  Socrates was one of the founders of western philosophy.  The Greek Senate charged Socrates with “corrupting the minds of the youth,” and they sentenced Socrates to death.  The death of Socrates was the beginning of the downfall of Greece, for they had lost their “guidepost.”

The Top Gun National Crises Troubleshooter, like Socrates has been excommunicated from his position at a national laboratory by management that took offense to his proposals that threated their power structure.  His teaching credentials were canceled in a local church for “corrupting the minds of the youth” and not teaching the church’s official view on the subject. He was excommunicated from a church where he was a member in good standing for twenty years for publishing “A New Paradigm in Christian Thinking” [xi] and corrupting the minds of their youth and any other person in their church with science and philosophy.  Thank God for civil laws that protects our citizens from physical harm.

Our President has not chosen to listen to this gad fly, when he suggested that a workable compromise be initiated to resolve the conflict of space, control and authority in Iraq between the three different sects of Muslims. This was proposed by the Vice President, and now the reining authority in Syria has been added to the mix; he chose to put together a coalition of nations to wipe ISIS-ISIL from planet Earth.  ISIS-ISIL has retaliated with attacks against this coalition of nations and the USA hitting soft targets.  We should expect this activity to continue. The best outcome, using the best military forces on the planet,  for a military victory, will be guerilla warfare with the soft targets continuing to be hit by these guerilla fighters.  The only solution to the ISIS-ISIL conflict is a workable compromise – a permanent home for the displaced Sunni Muslims from their Iraq home.

Lessons from History

In 480 B.C. the Persians were set upon wiping the Greeks off the Earth or enslaving them.  The Persians greatly outnumbered the Greeks.  The Persians were under autocratic the rule of Xerxes; the Greeks were under democratic rule (one for all and all for one).   The Persians overran the Greek Spartans (trained warriors) at the pass of Thermopylae [xii] and sacked Athens, which had been evacuated by the Greeks.

The Persians had large war ships (similar to that of the USA navy, bigger than their opponents).  The Greeks built small maneuverable war ships with a torpedo like Ram on the bow of the ship (A trireme).  The Greeks lured the Persian navy in to the Aegean Sea where there were many islands presenting a maneuverable issue for the Persians.  With their mobility (like ISIS-ISIL), the Greeks ran circles around the larger Persian ships and rammed the Persian ships with their torpedo like Rams at the front of their ships and sank the Persian Fleet. [xiii]

Beware USA your large arsenal of weapons is being out maneuvered by an adversary who is focused on mobility.

The USA Transition from a Republic to a Democracy

The USA was formed as a republic and has been in a long transition to a democracy in small steps. This change has come about by allowing more of the population to vote in elections and it changed the way our President was elected.  In the beginning, only land owners could vote in the elections.  These were the people who had an invested interest in the profitability of the nation, much like that of stockholders voting in a corporation. [xiv]  The vote has slowly been extended, for various reasons, to other segments of our society who do not have an investment or knowledge of producing a profitable nation (women, teens, those on government assistance).  We certainly have improved on the lifestyles of our citizens, as have the Greeks, but our national debt is rising above our ability to pay the interest, which could eventually result in foreclosure on our property (nation) by our creditors (like the two bailouts of the Greeks by the EU in recent history).

The Life Span of a Democracy

The average lifespan for a democracy is about 170 years, as established by the Greeks.  In the Greek democracy, leaders were chosen by a lottery, thus minimizing payoffs and corruption in the government.  Serving as a leader was considered a duty of citizenship.  Ballots could be cast to remove a government leader from office and they would be exiled for ten years from their society. In the Greek democracy, only about 20 percent of the population could vote. [xv]   The Greeks now have more people on the government payroll than people paying taxes to support the government. Is this direction the USA wants to continue to pursue?

The Code of Conduct to Live Long in this Land

There is a “code of conduct” that was intended to provide for the continued success of a nation living long in the land that had been giving to them.  Unfortunately, these were given to a very religious people and they did not understand the economic implications of these Ten Codes of Conduct.  Unfortunately, these Ten Codes of Conduct are still seen as religious by almost our entire society, religious and secular alike.  When one sets aside their religious lens, the pragmatic lens shows that the economics of these Ten Codes of Conduct can be realized.  The original Codes of Conduct were given in an ancient language; therefore, the proper perspective is to look at them through the eyes of a parent giving instruction to their children so that they might live long in the land the parent was giving them to raise their generations.

  1. You will not listen to anyone but your father for guidance.
  2. You will not form addictions that will prevent you from making your own decisions.
  3. You will not use my name as an authority to cause trouble or discomfort for any other person on this planet Earth.
  4. You will take a day off, after every six days of work, and remember who gave you this land and enjoy your time with family and friends, and you will allow your employees time off to enjoy their family and friends, and you will not mow your lawn on this day and interrupt the peace of your neighbors.
  5. Remember what your mother and father taught you, and hand down those teaching to your children and grandchildren, that you might live long in this land I have given you.
  6. You shall not murder.
  7. You shall not steal.
  8. You shall not give false witness against your neighbor.
  9. You shall not seek an intimate relationship with your neighbor’s wife.
  10. You shall not scheme to gain possession of your neighbor’s property.
  11. You will not build a big mansion type house in your neighbor’s back yard.
  12. You shall keep the walk-ways, of your communities, free of “Foxtails” that injure our pets. [xvi]

QED

 

 

[i] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Socrates

[ii] http://anewparadigminchristianthinking.wordpress.com/

[iii] Max Plank, http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/m/max_planck.html/

[iv] NOVA: Dawn of Humanity DVD, http://www.shoppbs.org/home/index.jsp/

[v] Jesus on judging, negotiating

[vi] Matthew 7:2, The Bible

[vii] Matthew 5:25, The Bible

[viii] Luke 14:31-32, The Bible

[ix] Luke 1:1-4, The Bible

[x] http://thephilosopheronpolitics.worpress.com/

[xi] http://anewparadigminchristianthinking.wordpress.com/

[xii] http://www.ancient.eu/thermopylae/

[xiii] National Geographic The Greeks DVD, 2016, http://ancienthistory.about.com/cs/weaponswar/p/blpwtherm.htm/

[xiv] http://thephilosopheronpolitics.wordpress.com/tag/voting/  TBC

[xv] PBS, “The Greeks”, 2016

[xvi] http://pets.webmd.com/dogs/foxtail-grass-and-your-dog/